University Vs. Research Institute? The Dual Pillars of German Science Production, 1950-2010
The world's third largest producer of scientific research, Germany, is the origin of the research university and the independent, extra-university research institute. Its dual-pillar research policy differentiates these organizational forms functionally: universities specialize in advanced research-based teaching; institutes specialize intensely on research. This article discusses the future utility of the dual-pillar policy.
Relying on Science and Politics, Merkel Offers a Cautious Virus Re-entry Plan
Shorn of any bravado, her announcement seemed again to make Germany, Europe's biggest economy, a de facto leader on the Continent and something of an example for Western nations. The chancellor, a physicist by training, focused on the science as she announced the government’s cautious step-by-step plan.
Academic systems rely on the existence of a supply of "outsiders" ready to forgo wages and employment security in exchange for the prospect of uncertain security, prestige, freedom and reasonably high salaries that tenured positions entail.