UNESCO Launches a Global Consultation to Develop a Standard-setting Instrument on Open Science
In the context of pressing planetary and socio-economic challenges, sustainable and innovative solutions must be supported by an efficient, transparent and vibrant scientific effort - not only stemming from the scientific community, but from the whole society. Go directly to the questionnaire.
Citations Systematically Misrepresent the Quality and Impact of Research Articles: Survey and Experimental Evidence from Thousands of Citers
Citations are ubiquitous in evaluating research, but how exactly they relate to what they are thought to measure (quality and intellectual impact) is unclear. This article investigates the relationships between citations, quality, and impact using a survey with an embedded experiment in which 12,670 authors in 15 academic fields describe about 25K specific referencing decisions.
'Recenter Library Systems on the User': An Interview with OhioLINK's Gwen Evans
The major US library consortium OhioLINK has created a vision for the systems that libraries use for acquiring content from publishers, managing collections, and enabling discovery. An interview about this vision with executive director Gwen Evans.
Many of the words used by scientists when reviewing manuscripts, job candidates and grant applications - words such as incremental, novelty, mechanism, descriptive and impact - have lost their meaning.
What Coronavirus Teaches Us for Preventing the Next Big Bio Threat
The vast majority of the discourse among the punditry and policymakers is about ensuring we have the right response. Shouldn't we instead be asking a more fundamental question: How did this happen in the first place?
One Small Grain of Moon Dust, One Giant Leap for Lunar Studies
Back in 1972, NASA sent their last team of astronauts to the Moon in the Apollo 17 mission. These astronauts brought some of the Moon back to Earth so scientists could continue to study lunar soil in their labs. Since we haven't returned to the Moon in almost 50 years, every lunar sample is precious. We need to make them count for researchers now and in the future. In a new study in Meteoritics & Planetary Science, scientists found a new way to analyze the chemistry of the Moon's soil using a single grain of dust.
PLOS and the University of California Announce Open Access Publishing Agreement
The Public Library of Science (PLOS) and the University of California (UC) announced a two-year agreement that will make it easier and more affordable for UC researchers to publish in the nonprofit open access publisher’s suite of journals.
This paper presents a simple model of the lifecycle of scientific ideas that points to changes in scientist incentives as the cause of scientific stagnation. It explores ways to broaden how scientific productivity is measured and rewarded, involving both academic search engines such as Google Scholar measuring which contributions explore newer ideas and university administrators and funding agencies utilizing these new metrics in research evaluation.
Scientists Call for Reform on Rankings and Indices of Science Journals
Researchers are used to being evaluated based on indices like the impact factors of the scientific journals in which they publish papers and their number of citations. A team of 14 natural scientists from nine countries are now rebelling against this practice, arguing that obsessive use of indices is damaging the quality of science.
Metrics of Inequality: The Concentration of Resources in the U.S. Biomedical Elite
Academic scientists and research institutes are increasingly being evaluated using digital metrics, from bibliometrics to patent counts. These metrics are often framed, by science policy analysts, economists of science as well as funding agencies, as objective and universal proxies for scientific worth, potential, and productivity.
Researchers Call on EU Institutions to Ensure Free Circulation of Scientific Knowledge
A joint statement calling on EU institutions to ensure the right of researchers to share their research findings without embargoes or restrictions has today been issued by the Young Academy of Europe and other organisations representing early-career and senior researchers in Europe and beyond.