Great strides have been made to encourage researchers to archive data created by research and provide the necessary systems to support their storage. Additionally it is recognised that data are meaningless unless their provenance is preserved, through appropriate meta-data. Alongside this is a pressing need to ensure the quality and archiving of the software that generates data, through simulation, control of experiment or data-collection and that which analyses, modifies and draws value from raw data.
Citation metrics have value because they aim to make scientific assessment a level playing field, but urgent transparency-based changes are necessary to ensure that the data yields an accurate picture. One problematic area is the handling of self-citations.
Atlas of Open Science and Research in Finland 2019 Published
This evaluation of Finnish research organisations, research-funding organisations, academic and cultural institutes abroad and learned societies and academies examines the key indicators chosen to assess the performance on openness. Key indicators are used to provide some insights on the competences and capacity of the research system in supporting progress towards openness. Barriers and development needs are discussed, with suggestions for improvement.
New Report on Internal Cost Reallocation Models Within the Bibsam Consortium
Robert van der Vooren conducted a study commissioned by the National Library of Sweden about new ways of distributing publisher contract costs to Bibsam Consortium participants. The study is intended to be a basis when the Bibsam Consortium makes cost distribution future proof for full open access publishing.
Can A Research Accelerator Solve The Psychology Replication Crisis?
The Psychological Science Accelerator isn't the only project seeking to address the reproducibility problem. But the accelerator is unique in two ways. First, collaborators plan to continue to work on large-scale efforts indefinitely. And second, the accelerator isn't necessarily limited to replication studies, opening it to novel and exploratory work.
Games Academics Play and Their Consequences: How Authorship, H-Index and Journal Impact Factors Are Shaping the Future of Academia
Research is a highly competitive profession where evaluation plays a central role. Yet such evaluations are often done in inappropriate ways that are damaging to individual careers, and to the profession.
Poor research design and data analysis encourage false-positive findings. The persistence of poor methods results partly from incentives that favour them, leading to the natural selection of bad science.
Open Access Potential and Uptake in the Context of Plan S
This report provides quantitative and descriptive data on the availability and usage of various open access options in different fields and subdisciplines. Its goal was to inform Coalition S funders on the open access options and identify fields where there is a need to increase the share of open access journals/platforms.
Open Science, Open Data and Open Scholarship: European Policies to Make Science Fit for the 21st Century
Open science will make science more efficient, reliable and responsive to societal challenges. The European Commission has sought to advance Open Science policy from its inception in a holistic and integrated way, covering all aspects of the research cycle from scientific discovery and review to sharing knowledge, publishing and outreach.
The Value of Preregistration for Psychological Science: A Conceptual Analysis
The question whether the practice of preregistration is valuable depends on your philosophy of science. Daniel Lakens provides a conceptual analysis of the value of preregistration for psychological science from an error statistical philosophy.
Early Coauthorship with Top Scientists Predicts Success in Academic Careers
By examining publication records of scientists from four disciplines, the authors show that coauthoring a paper with a top-cited scientist early in one's career predicts lasting increases in career success, especially for researchers affiliated with less prestigious institutions.
Mapping the Publishing Challenges for an Open Access University Press
Managing a New University Press (NUP) is often a one-person operation and, with limits on time and resources, efficiency and effectiveness are key to having a successful production process and providing a high level of author, editor and reader services. This article looks at the challenges faced by open access (OA) university presses throughout the publishing journey and considers ways in which these challenges can be addressed. In particular, the article focuses on six key stages throughout the lifecycle of an open access publication: commissioning; review; production; discoverability; marketing; analytics. Approached from the point of view of the University of Huddersfield Press, this article also draws on discussions and experiences of other NUPs from community-led forums and events. By highlighting the issues faced, and the potential solutions to them, this research recognises the need for a tailored and formalised production workflow within NUPs and also provides guidance how to begin implementing possible solutions.
The study of science itself is a growing field of research. Also known as meta-science or the science of science, it involves studying the processes and decisions that shape the evolution of scientific research. This collection of articles highlights the breadth of meta-research with articles on topics as diverse as gender bias in peer review, statistical power in clinical trials and the readability of the scientific literature.
Accelerating Scholarly Communication: The Transformative Role of Preprints
Study explores the place of preprints in the research lifecycle from the points of view of researchers, research performing organisations, research funding organisations and preprint servers/service providers.