Trust and Mistrust in Americans' Views of Scientific Experts
Public confidence in scientists is on the upswing, and six-in-ten Americans say scientists should play an active role in policy debates about scientific issues, according to a new Pew Research Center survey.
Significant Economic Benefits? Enhancing the Impact of Open Science for Knowledge Users
In this post it is discussed how open research can lead to economic benefits. The author suggests that future open research policies should focus on developing research discovery, translation and the capacity for research utilisation outside of the academy.
Universities Earned Just $75 Million from IP in 2017, but Spent $5.7 Billion on R&D
Canada’s top universities and research institutes spent $5.7 billion on research and development (R&D), but generated less than $75 million from licensing their innovations in 2017. That’s an average return on investment of 1.3 per cent.
Rethinking Impact Factors: New Pathways in Journal Metrics
Diversity, transparency, and reliability are essential principles to ensure that a proliferation of metrics does not distort the scholarly communication system, but leads to more granular and transparent assessments
The "Impact" of the Journal Impact Factor in the Review, Tenure, and Promotion Process
The Journal Impact Factor has been widely critiqued as a measure of individual academic performance. However, it is unclear whether these criticisms and high profile declarations, such as DORA, have led to significant cultural change.
Impact of Social Sciences and Humanities for a European Research Agenda
The idea of the conference is to bring to the fore the impact contributions of social sciences and humanities (SSH) research to transformative national and European research and innovation agendas, as well as to openly reflect on and structurally discuss the topic. Due to the huge interest in the conference and limited seating, a live-streaming of the main sessions of the conference on both conference days is offered.
The New, Younger Generation of Scientists Is Much More Open to Dialogue With Society
A new generation of scientists is confounding expectations and proving much more willing to engage with the public, not only because it benefits their development as researchers but also out of a sense of duty to society and a desire to have a positive impact on public perceptions of science.
High-Impact and Transformative Science Metrics: Definition, Exemplification, and Comparison
A novel set of text- and citation-based metrics that can be used to identify high-impact and transformative works. The 11 metrics can be grouped into seven types: Radical-Generative, Radical-Destructive, Risky, Multidisciplinary, Wide Impact, Growing Impact, and Impact (overall).
Scientists on Twitter: Preaching to the Choir or Singing from the Rooftops?
Asking whether Twitter allows scientists to promote their findings primarily to other scientists ("inreach"), or whether it can help them reach broader, non-scientific audiences ("outreach"). Results should encourage scientists to invest in building a social media presence for scientific outreach.
Does Bibliometric Research Confer Legitimacy to Research Assessment Practice? a Sociological Study of Reputational Control, 1972-2016
A growing gap exists between an academic sector with little capacity for collective action and increasing demand for routine performance assessment by research organizations and funding agencies. This gap has been filled by database providers. By selecting and distributing research metrics, these commercial providers have gained a powerful role in defining de-facto standards of research excellence without being challenged by expert authority.
The European Research Council published its third annual impact assessment of the projects it funds. According to ERC's qualitative self-assessments, nearly one in five of its grants led to scientific breakthroughs.
Prestige Drives Epistemic Inequality in the Diffusion of Scientific Ideas
The role of faculty hiring networks in shaping the spread of ideas in computer science, and the importance of where in the network an idea originates: research from prestigious institutions spreads more quickly and completely than work of similar quality originating from less prestigious institutions.
The Academic Papers Researchers Regard as Significant Are Not Those That Are Highly Cited
Academia has relied on citation count as the main way to measure the impact or importance of research, informing metrics such as the Impact Factor and the h-index. But how well do these metrics actually align with researchers’ subjective evaluation of impact and significance?
A single academic paper, published by three Australian researchers in 2007, has been cited by Wikipedia editors over 2.8 million times - the next most popular work only shows up a little more than 21,000. And the researchers behind it didn't have a clue.
Philanthropists, Nonprofit Executives And Board Members Must Awaken To The Dawn Of The Impact Era
We are entering a new era - the Impact Era - where increasingly philanthropists are grounding their generosity in decisions focused on having a real social impact. And, in response, nonprofit organizations are learning to refocus their strategies to maximize that impact.
When it comes to impact assessment, there are things that are easy to measure, and then there are things that we care about. On the divide through the examples of two recent online initiatives from the Canadian federal government.