In academia, decisions on promotions are influenced by the citation impact of the works published by the candidates. The authors examine whether the journal impact factor rank could be replaced with the relative citation ratio, an article-level measure of citation impact developed by the National Institutes of Health.
"Stunned, Very Confused": Two More Journals Push Back Against Impact Factor Suppression
At least two more journals are fighting decisions by Clarivate — the company behind the Impact Factor — to suppress them from the 2019 list of journals assigned a metric that many rightly or wrongly consider career-making.
Empathy and Grit - Not Just Publication Records - Should Be Considered in Researcher Assessment
Critics of current methods for evaluating researchers’ work say a system that relies on bibliometric parameters favours a ‘quantity over quality’ approach, and undervalues achievements such as social impact and leadership.
What's Wrong with the H-Index, According to Its Inventor
Love it or hate it, the H-index has become one of the most widely used metrics in academia for measuring the productivity and impact of researchers. But when Jorge Hirsch proposed it as an objective measure of scientific achievement in 2005, he didn’t think it would be used outside theoretical physics.
Metrics of Inequality: The Concentration of Resources in the U.S. Biomedical Elite
Academic scientists and research institutes are increasingly being evaluated using digital metrics, from bibliometrics to patent counts. These metrics are often framed, by science policy analysts, economists of science as well as funding agencies, as objective and universal proxies for scientific worth, potential, and productivity.
Citation metrics have value because they aim to make scientific assessment a level playing field, but urgent transparency-based changes are necessary to ensure that the data yields an accurate picture. One problematic area is the handling of self-citations.
Proposed Schema Changes - Have Your Say - Crossref
The first version of our metadata input schema (a DTD, to be specific) was created in 1999 to capture basic bibliographic information and facilitate matching DOIs to citations. Over the past 20 years the bibliographic metadata we collect has deepened, and we've expanded our schema to include funding information, license, updates, relations, and other metadata. Our schema isn't as venerable as a MARC record or as comprehensive as JATS, but it's served us well.
A Turning Point is a Time for Reflection - Crossref
Crossref strives for balance. Different people have always wanted different things from us and, since our founding, we have brought together diverse organizations to have discussions-sometimes contentious-to agree on how to help make scholarly communications better. Being inclusive can mean slow progress, but we've been able to advance by being flexible, fair, and forward-thinking. We have been helped by the fact that Crossref's founding organizations defined a clear purpose in our original certificate of incorporation, which reads:
A Standardized Citation Metrics Author Database Annotated for Scientific Field
Citation metrics are widely used and misused. This Community Page article presents a publicly available database that provides standardized information on multiple citation indicators and a composite thereof, annotating each author according to his/her main scientific field(s).
Citation Gaming Induced by Bibliometric Evaluation: A Country-level Comparative Analysis
Article proposes a new inwardness indicator able to gauge the degree of scientific self-referentiality of a country. A comparative analysis of the trends for the G10 countries in the years 2000-2016 reveals a net increase of the Italian inwardness.
A Call for Funders to Ban Institutions That Use Grant Capture Targets
Grant capture is often used as a formal metric for academic evaluation. The author argues that this practice has led to perverse incentives for researchers and institutions and that research funders have both a responsibility and a significant interest in using their influence to halt this practice.