Funders and Journals, Not Students, Should Lead on Standards for Research Rigour
The efforts of young researchers to fight the perverse incentives that dominate science right now are all the more impressive because these scientists are at the most vulnerable point of their careers.
The Limitations to Our Understanding of Peer Review
Peer review is embedded in the core of our scholarly knowledge generation systems, conferring legitimacy on research while distributing academic capital and prestige on individuals. Despite its critical importance, it curiously remains poorly understood in a number of dimensions.
Medicine and the Media: Medical Experts' Problems and Solutions While Working with Journalists
Medical experts are one of the main sources used by journalists in reporting on medical science. This study aims to identify problems that medical experts encounter in contacts with the media representatives, elucidate their attitudes about interactions with journalists and reflect on solutions that could improve the quality of medical journalism.
Around the globe, there are initiatives and organizations devoted to bring "Open Access" to the world, i.e., the public availability of scholarly research works, free of charge. However, the current debate seems to largely miss the point.
A Guide to Applying the Good Publication Practice 3 Guidelines in the Asia-Pacific Region
Numerous recommendations and guidelines aim to improve the quality, timeliness and transparency of medical publications. However, these guidelines use ambiguous language that can be challenging to interpret, particularly for speakers of English as a second language. Cultural expectations within the Asia-Pacific region raise additional challenges and several studies have suggested that awareness and application of ethical publication practices in the Asia-Pacific region is relatively low compared with other regions. However, guidance on applying ethical publication practice guidelines in the Asia-Pacific region is lacking. This commentary aims to improve publication practices in the Asia-Pacific region by providing guidance on applying the 10 principles of the Good Publication Practice 3 (GPP3) guidelines and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria for authorship. Recommendations are provided for encore presentations, applying the ICMJE authorship criteria in the context of regional cultural expectations, and the role of study sponsors and professional medical writers. Ongoing barriers to compliance with guidelines are also highlighted, and additional guidance is provided to support authors submitting manuscripts for publication. The roles of regional journals, regulatory authorities and professional bodies in improving practices are also discussed.
Overview of the African Open Access Landscape, with a Focus on Scholarly Publishing
This article reports on selected findings from the pilot African Open Science Platform landscape study, conducted by the Academy of Science of South Africa, on request of the SA Department of Science and Technology.
The Evaluative Inquiry: a New Approach to Research Evaluation
This article outlines the four principles that give shape to a new, less standardised approach to research assessment called "evaluative inquiry": employing versatile methods; shifting the contextual focus away from the individual; knowledge diplomacy; and favouring ongoing engagement ahead of open-and-shut reporting.
Created at the end of last year, CO-OPERAS IN aims to bring FAIR data principles into the SSH research area, support existing scholarly communication services and platforms to connect them as components of an emerging EOSC, and more broadly to the global SSH communities.
In Bid to Boost Transparency, BioRxiv Begins Posting Peer Reviews Next to Preprints
BioRxiv, the server for life sciences preprints, has begun an experiment that allows select journals and independent peer-review services to publicly post evaluations of its papers should the authors make the request.
European Academies Call for Excellence, Fairness and Openness in the Implementation of Horizon Europe
ALLEA submitted a statement to the European Commission calling for a strong and well-resourced framework programme guided by principles of excellence, fairness and openness, and making concrete suggestions on their implementation in the current draft of the Commission’s Strategic Plan on Horizon Europe.
The Future of OA: A Large-scale Analysis Projecting Open Access Publication and Readership
This study analyses OA papers over time. Given existing trends, the authors estimate that by 2025, the declining relevance of closed access articles is likely to change the landscape of scholarly communication in the years to come.
Insights from a Survey-based Analysis of the Academic Job Market
Many postdoctoral fellows in the STEM fields enter the academic job market with little knowledge of the process and expectations, and without any means to assess their qualifications relative to the general applicant pool. Demystifying this process is critical, as there is little information publicly available.
TechRxiv™️, IEEE's New Preprint Server for the Global Technology Engineering Community, Now Open for Submissions
TechRxiv, a new preprint server for electrical engineering, computer science and related technologies, has been launched by IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization advancing technology for humanity.