Worldwide Inequality in Access to Full Text Scientific Articles: the Example of Ophthalmology
The problem of access to medical information, particularly in low-income countries, has been under discussion for many years. Paywalls still limit access to approximately 75% of scholarly documents. This study compares the accessibility of recent full text articles in the field of ophthalmology in 27 established institutions located worldwide.
In response to the recent editorial "Open access and academic imperialism", disappointment is expressed at such a narrow and misleading interpretations of the recent attempts to make academic publishing more open.
Assessing the Size of the Affordability Problem in Scholarly Publishing
The prices for open access publishing are high and are rising well beyond inflation. What has been missing from the public discussion so far is a quantitative approach to determine the actual costs of efficiently publishing a scholarly article using state-of-the-art technologies, such that informed decisions can be made as to appropriate price levels.
Use of the Journal Impact Factor in Academic Review, Promotion, and Tenure Evaluations
The Journal Impact Factor (JIF) was originally designed to aid libraries in deciding which journals to index and purchase for their collections. Over the past few decades, however, it has become a relied upon metric used to evaluate research articles based on journal rank. Surveyed faculty often report feeling pressure to publish in journals with high JIFs and mention reliance on the JIF as one problem with current academic evaluation systems.
Potential Bias in Peer Review of Grant Applications at the Swiss National Science Foundation
Study shows that peer review of grant applications at the SNSF may be prone to biases stemming from different applicant and reviewer characteristics. Based on this study, the SNSF abandoned nomination of reviewers by applicants, and made members of panels aware of the other systematic differences in scores.
Predicting the Results of Evaluation Procedures of Academics
The 2010 reform of the Italian university system introduced the National Scientific Habilitation (ASN) as a requirement for applying to permanent professor positions. Since the CVs of the 59149 candidates and the results of their assessments have been made publicly available, the ASN constitutes an opportunity to perform analyses about a nation-wide evaluation process.
The changing world of scholarly communication and the emergence of 'Open Science' or 'Open Research' has brought to light a number of controversial and hotly-debated topics. Yet, evidence-based rational debate is regularly drowned out by misinformed or exaggerated rhetoric, which does not benefit the evolving system of scholarly communication.
"Blacklists" and "Whitelists" to Tackle Predatory Publishing: A Cross-Sectional Comparison and Thematic Analysis
Despite growing awareness of predatory publishing and research on its market characteristics, the defining attributes of fraudulent journals remain controversial. The authors aimed to develop a better understanding of quality criteria for scholarly journals by analysing journals and publishers indexed in blacklists of predatory journals and whitelists of legitimate journals and the lists’ inclusion criteria.
Ethical, organizational and economic strengths and weaknesses of funder open access platforms: opportunities and threats presented by funder open access platforms in the ongoing transition to open access.
Authorial and Institutional Stratification in Open Access Publishing: the Case of Global Health Research
New axes of stratification are emerging in academic publishing, adding to the already complex tapestry of inequality in science. Authors working at lower-ranked universities are more likely to publish in closed/paywalled outlets, and less likely to choose outlets that involve some sort of Article Processing Charge (APCs; gold or hybrid OA).
The State of OA: A Large-Scale Analysis of the Prevalence and Impact of Open Access Articles
At least 28% of the scholarly literature is OA and that this proportion is growing, driven particularly by growth in Gold and Hybrid. Also, OA articles receive 18% more citations than average, an effect driven primarily by Green and Hybrid OA.
Code of Practice for Research Data Usage Metrics Release
The Code of Practice for Research Data Usage Metrics standardizes the generation and distribution of usage metrics for research data, enabling for the first time the consistent and credible reporting of research data usage.
Open Access Levels: A Quantitative Exploration Using Web of Science and oaDOI Data
Using newly available open access status data, year-on-year open access levels are explored across research fields, languages, countries, institutions, funders and topics, and the resulting patterns are related to disciplinary, national and institutional contexts.