Defining and identifying Sleeping Beauties in science
Scientific papers typically have a finite lifetime. Previous studies pointed out the existence of a few blatant exceptions: papers whose relevance has not been recognized for decades, but then suddenly become highly influential and cited. This study investigates how common Sleeping Beauties are in science.
Reproducibility alone is insufficient to address the replication crisis because even a reproducible analysis can suffer from many problems that threaten the validity and useful interpretation of the results.
Scientific debates often blur the lines between the science that is being debated and the political, moral, and legal implications that come with its societal applications. This manuscript traces the origins of this phenomenon to professional norms within the scientific discipline.
Without provision of information about candidates other than their appearance, men are twice more likely to be hired for a mathematical task than women. If ability is self-reported, women still are discriminated against, because employers do not fully account for men’s tendency to boast about performance.